• From March onwards, harrow to remove dead vegetation and to aerate the soil
  • Reseed any bare patches using a equestrian grass seed mixture
  • Roll the paddocks to flatten poached areas and consolidate loose soil
  • Rest paddocks that will be used for growing hay
  • Take action against weeds and poisonous plants. If the infestation is heavy, seek expert advice as specific herbicide may need to be applied
  • Remember - only take machinery on to ground that is dry enough to prevent further damage and compaction 



  • Late spring/early summer – continue weed control, including immediate removal of any poisonous plants
  • Top the grass to remove long, stalky grass and rough areas. Do not top ragwort or foxglove as these become more palatable to horses when dried but retain their toxicity
  • If conditions were too wet in the spring, harrowing and rolling can be undertaken if required
  • Hay crop can be cut and baled




  • Maintain existing drainage by keeping ditches clear of plants and debris
  • Continue to control any ragwort growth
  • Water trough pipes should be checked and insulated ready for the winter
  • Where possible, keep horses away from falling acorns and sycamore seed
  • Plant any new hedges/trees: ensure species are safe for horse paddocks




  • In poached areas such as gateways, grass matting (ideal to lay during the spring), wood chip or gravel can help minimise damage
  • Where spare fields are available, rotate the paddocks or designate a field specifically for winter turnout. Ideally use the paddock with the best drainage,which is unlikely to flood and (where possible) has two access points to prevent the same areas becoming badly poached
  • Conduct soil analysis in February to identify any nutrients that are lacking. Seek expert advice regarding any liming or fertiliser application that may be needed in early spring